Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation and Fractures in White Women of Childbearing Age

disease definition

A disease definition is important for the health care community to fully comprehend any disease process. A disease definition is comprised of a statement listing all the symptoms of a specific disease, together with the cause and other relevant information. A disease definition is very important for the medical community to effectively treat and understand diseases.

Disease Definition

A hand holding a coin

A disease definition is very basic and it is very important to gather information on diseases in order to better prevent them. A disease definition is a statement listing all the symptoms of a specific disease, together with the underlying cause and other relevant details. Some diseases may have multiple underlying causes. In addition to these underlying causes, comorbidities can also increase the prognosis of a disease. Comorbidities are conditions, which affect people who experience similar symptoms, or have similar symptoms to other people.

The disease definition should also contain information about comorbidities in order to properly assess a patient’s prognosis and to formulate treatment plans. For example, if there are multiple diseases present and one of them is cancer, it is necessary to include information on the drug treatment that each patient is receiving. This will enable healthcare professionals to properly assess the drug treatment effectiveness. If one drug is effective in reducing hip fracture probability among women 80 years old who have had previous hip fractures, but not the other drug, the combined effects of the two drugs should be given the highest priority.

Comorbidity Burden

Engineering drawing

A disease definition should contain details on the comorbidity burden or the proportion of a patient’s total healthcare costs associated with symptoms, disease, or conditions that require ongoing care. This percentage of costs can be very high if a patient has a higher than average comorbidity burden. In order to reduce the cost burden, healthcare professionals may consider removing a patient from the prospective Cohort and concentrating the costs on those with lower than average comorbidity burden. For example, if a patient has high levels of arthritis, but a low percentage of comorbidity burden, that patient’s condition may be removed from the Cohort in order to focus costs on those patients with the lowest comorbidity burden. Similarly, if a patient has a higher than average cost for their healthcare services, their condition may be transferred to the Predominantly Inconsistent Group to reduce their overall healthcare costs.

Patient Characteristics

As part of the Cohort, other relevant details regarding patient characteristics should be included. These should include: demographics, sex, age, race/ethnicity, education, health status (healthy, poor, elderly, or otherwise), comorbidities and treatments, access to healthcare, history of adverse events, and information about any past or present medical conditions. Details on the characteristics of those with more comorbidities or worse prognosis should also be included in the Cohort to identify those individuals who would best benefit from incremental improvements in wellness.

Last Words

Analysis of the Cohort study also showed that after adjustment for prevalent health risks and other individual characteristics, there was a strong, positive association between the duration of follow-up and lower incident fractures. Those who remained longest in the Cohort had the greatest improvement in bone mineral density compared to those with shorter follow-up periods. While the study did not evaluate severity of the fracture and cause of death, all-cause mortality was notably reduced in the Cohort compared to those in the non-Cohort category. This important study offers important insights into the prevention of fractures in white women of childbearing age and suggests that vitamin D and calcium supplementation may be beneficial in preventing fractures.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter