Knowing More About Gene Mutations And Their Medical Treatment


hereditary diseases

These hereditary diseases are normally transmitted by the genes they carry from the parents. They can also be transmitted by consuming their products.

There are different types of hereditary disorders, and they include rheumatoid arthritis, breast cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, blindness and many more. However, there are some cases where the symptoms don’t occur or aren’t serious enough to worry about. In these cases, there may be no visible symptoms at all. Although visible symptoms are possible, it’s still better to prevent anything out of the ordinary from happening to your offspring. Here are some of the most common symptoms of genetic disorders in children:

Angelman Syndrome

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This is an autosomal dominant inherited disease wherein there is an alteration or deletion on one chromosome. Usually, only one X chromosome is affected in a case like this. So, depending on which parent has the disorder, the disease will either run in your sons or daughters or vice versa.

If left untreated, Angelman syndrome can lead to serious health conditions such as blindness and deafness. However, since the disease is an autosomal dominant one, treatment is not very difficult.

Fragile X Syndrome

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As its name suggests, Fragile X syndrome is caused by an autosomal dominant disorder on the X chromosome. Women with this condition have been reported to carry the defective gene without any obvious cause of impairment in their bodies. However, treatment is still underway for this particular hereditary disease.

Gene Therapy

This process uses genetically modified cells or tissues from the patient’s body. These cells or tissues are induced to produce the equivalent tissue or cell in the patient’s body. There are many diseases that have been treated successfully using this gene therapy.

For instance, patients suffering from sickle cell anemia were successfully treated with newly developed gene therapy treatment. Even more, it is believed that many diseases may be treated using this technique in the future.

Edit Source

Some medical practitioners edit out certain portions of the genetic information. For instance, some parents might want to remove or delete a certain segment because they think it may affect their child’s development.

Others do so because they think the segment is irrelevant to their child. Nonetheless, genetic diseases involving editing out segments can still be treated. But for many treatments, the duration for which you can edit is still short.

Cross-Breeding

A person can suffer from genetic disorders even though he or she may not have any family members who have these conditions. In cases like this, one generation can have children who suffer from the disease and another generation can live normal lives without having to worry about inheriting the trait.

For instance, some diseases caused by cross-breeding include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, cystic mesothelioma, obesity, heart disease and HIV/AIDS. However, there are still other hereditary diseases involving crosses-breeding that have not yet been fully understood.

Conclusion

While the above mentioned hereditary diseases can cause different symptoms in different individuals, their causes remain unknown. But it is comforting to know that genetic diseases involving edits of the genes could still be treated. So if you think you are suffering from a genetic disease, make sure to talk to a doctor to find out for sure if you really have a genetic disorder.

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