How To Recognize Common Diseases


common diseases

The presence of such common diseases as AIDS, cancer and diabetes in the U.S. is a growing concern among those who are concerned about their own health. With the increasing number of obese people in the country, more people are now suffering from such common diseases as diabetes, high cholesterol, asthma, heart disease and other such infections. Although the chances of acquiring any of these infections are very remote, people should be aware of them so that they can be diagnosed at the earliest possible stages. This article highlights some of the most common diseases that you should be wary of.

Here Are Some Common Diseases

Diarrhea: 

Common Diseases

This is the most common disease which affects one out of every twelve or one out of every twenty-one Americans. This symptom can be detected by simply looking at your stool. If you see blood in your stool or you feel pain while passing it, then this is a definite indication of bacterial diarrhea. Apart from being a common ailment, it is also very expensive. According to the Congressional Research Service, a minimum of fifty million people in the United States suffer from bacterial diarrhea every year, which means that it costs Americans one billion dollars every year in direct medical expenses and lost productivity due to diarrhea.

Diabetes: 

Common Diseases

One of the more common diseases affecting the American population today is diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder, whereby the body’s cells do not respond to insulin or glucose properly, leading to excessive accumulation of sugar in the blood instead of enough glucose being produced and used by the cells. This may lead to heart attacks, stroke and kidney failures.

Coronary Heart Diseases: 

These common diseases account for forty percent of all deaths in the United States. In the United States, heart diseases account for the largest number of deaths. As a result of this trend, medical researchers have developed preventive practises for controlling and even preventing coronary heart diseases. For example, apart from regular screening of cholesterol levels, smokers are advised to undergo cardiac rehabilitation so that they can avoid the development of heart disease.

Infectious Diseases Caused By Bacteria: 

As stated earlier, there are many types of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. Some of these common diseases include influenza, ringworm, shingles, hepatitis, tularemia and hepatitis B. The symptoms usually occur in the form of fever, malaise, rash, aches and pains, fatigue and diarrhea. Diagnosis of infection usually requires a blood test. If the diagnosis is confirmed, treatment commences.

Diarrheic Symptoms: 

This is another common disease causing bacteria. It generally occurs in young children, elderly or people with impaired immunity. This kind of disease is characterized by repeated episodes of diarrhea. The first episode usually occurs after three days. However, children can also get it several times a day, resulting in more acute symptoms.

Malaise: 

Malaise is a viral disease characterized by severe flu-like symptoms. This type of illness can be spread to other members of the family. The symptoms include high fever, generalized weakness, loss of appetite and chills. Diagnosis of viral infections requires testing of blood samples.

Fungal Infections: 

Some fungi are highly infectious. They spread very fast, causing fever, painful lesions and joint aches. There are many kinds of fungal infections caused by dermatophytes, yeasts and molds. Common symptoms of these are rashes, joint aches, fever, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The diagnosis of these infections requires the use of a sample of the suspected fungal species.

Infectious Bowel Disease (Ibd): 

This is one of the most common causes of diarrhea, vomiting, ulcers and other gastrointestinal problems. The main symptom of this ailment is frequent pain in the abdomen and lower back. Diagnosis is made by taking a sample of stool from the person affected. Blood tests also help in determining if the bacteria causing the disease are present in the blood.

Systemic Infections: 

Systemic infections are caused by bacteria entering the body through the nose, mouth or skin. Common symptoms of these are diarrhea, fever and vomiting. Diagnosis is based on the analysis of the stool. Other diseases caused by mycobacteria include streptococcus, listeria and influenza.

Final Thoughts

Fungal and bacterial infections should be treated promptly as they can cause serious illness and even death. Proper hygiene can reduce the risk of contracting such diseases. Consult your doctor immediately if you or a member of your family shows any of these symptoms.

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