Examples of airborne diseases are flu (influenza), common cold, measles, mumps, chickenpox, shingles, cough, hepatitis, measles, streptococcal disease, viral meningitis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, mononucleosis, and whooping fever. Other airborne viral organisms include the bird flu, avian influenza, rabies, cholera, measles, herpes virus, and the bird-flu virus. A few airborne pathogens are harmful to humans and may cause serious illness and death. Examples of fatal airborne diseases are anthrax, typhoid, Poliomyelitis, Q fever, swine flu, and hepatitis virus. Nearly all the viruses can be spread by various methods such as breathing, touching, drinking, or using the areas where these germs are present.
The majority of airborne diseases are caused by viruses and bacteria. Only a few are caused by fungi. Examples of airborne diseases caused by fungi include ringworm, fila, whipworm, eczema, leukaemia, molds, viruses, and bacteria. The most common types of fungi are dermatophytes, mycoplasmas, dermatophyte viruses, staphylococcus aureus, Streptococci, and group A viruses. The most common types of airborne infections caused by fungi are:
Whooping Congestive Heart Disease
Whooping cough is caused by a virus called whooping congestive heart disease. It is caused by a virus called parainfluenza and is usually contracted during the night from an infected person who has a compromised or worn-out respiratory system, such as a tear or hole in the lung tissue. It spreads easily through coughing and the secretions of the affected lungs. It is highly contagious, even if the person with whom it is contracted is not infected. Symptoms include fever, low-grade fever and swollen lymph nodes in the chest area. It can lead to pneumonia if not treated immediately.
Chickenpox is an airborne disease caused by a virus called varicella-zoster virus (VZV), also known as shingles in some countries. Symptoms include skin rash, fever and muscle aches. It can also cause other complications, such as complications related to asthma, such as allergic asthma attacks or severe lung inflammation. It spreads easily through direct contact and is extremely contagious among children. It can cause complications in pregnancy, birth and within the first two weeks after birth.
Bacteria And Viruses
One of the most common causes of airborne diseases is infection with airborne pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses. There are several ways these pathogens are transmitted, including physical contact, like sexual intercourse and hugging, and indirect transmission, such as through the shared use of utensils, such as sponges and towels. In children, infection with bacteria or viruses that cause colds and coughs are often associated with whooping cough. In adults, the common modes of transmission include sharing utensils and drinking from the same glass or dish.
Criteria for a viral illness include at least four of the following symptoms: swollen glands, fever, malaise, headache and muscle aches. A respiratory illness may include at least two of these symptoms: coughing, runny nose and yellow or green mucus discharge from the nose.
Transmission Can Occur
The citation needed to establish whether transmission of an infectious agent can occur will also consider the manner in which transmission occurs. Transmission can occur in a number of ways. Direct exposure, such as touching a disease object, will not cause the contamination, unless pathogens transmitted through this contact remain in the body. Indirect transmission occurs when one contaminant remains in the respiratory tract or elsewhere in the body after exposure to an infectious agent. Examples of indirect transmission include indirect contact through clothing, droplets in the eye or mouth and sharing utensils.
A medical professional is most likely to determine whether a patient has one or more of these respiratory illnesses based on the symptom they observe during a physical examination. If you have a concern about possible airborne disease contact, you should contact your local health department.
An inspection of your residence inside will allow you to have an idea of where any contaminants may be located. Your local department may recommend the diagnosis and culture of any microbes present in your home. A medical professional may also offer advice on the best course of action for treatment of a particular illness.