Over more than half of the United States, Medical Marijuana Research is legalized, yet it remains prohibited in federals and stated as drug 1. The chemical compounds like neuroprotectants that are present in Marijuana, their clinical efficacy, and safety are yet to be proved. Through this qualitative research methodology, the review of medical marijuana patients and their common themes help to capture their experiences and professional healthcare understandings.
What Is Medical Marijuana?
The use of medical marijuana states to the usages of the Cannabis sativa plant for treating the infirmity. Over more than five millennia the cannabis is used for treatment. From 1850 to 1924, across all the Western culture countries the Marijuana was used for treating asthma, anorexia, insomnia, whooping cough, convulsions, nausea, vomiting, and sexual dysfunction as listed by the US Dispensary.
Marijuana For Medical Research Purpose
Medical marijuana laboratories are spreading day by day with the spread in several patients with neurological disorders or anxiety, depression, chronic pain, and cancer. Medical cannabis has several healthcare benefits like treatment for cancer, arthritis, neurological disorders, epilepsy, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported over 147 million or near about 2.5% of the world population to tend to consume Marijuana for both recreational and medicinal purposes, which subsequently led to the rise of cannabis cultivation, research, and market. However, smoking cannabis has its side effects, like phlegm, chronic cough, and several respiratory diseases.
Research Upon Medical Uses Of Marijuana (Cannabis Sativa)
In 2019 the American Cancer Society researchers stated that 42% of freshly diagnosed cancer cases in the US (about 740,000 cases) and in global cancer statistics in 2018, about 17 million new cases of cancer were found, which is now estimated to reach up to 27million in the coming years ahead. And such an increase in cancer cases will ignite the latest treatment based upon research of cannabis as medicine. The American Cancer Society’s recent research about Marijuana, where the study conducted on cancer patients, showed how their pain refractory to opioids responded after receiving does of Marijuana from low to medium and showed improved analgesia when compared to placebo. This experiment helped in releasing chronic pain in patients. About 183 million marijuana users worldwide consume cannabis for medical use, and most of the chronic pain is reported by the UN.
How Marijuana Acts Upon Humans?
In the past 20 years, the researches on the therapeutic effects of cannabis are intensified when the endocannabinoid system in the human body was discovered. This system is based upon cannabinoid (CBD) receptors acting upon the human body. Cannabinoids (CBD) act as neuroprotectants, limiting the neurological damage in ischemic injuries and the disease of neurodegeneration. There are mainly three different types of cannabinoids (CBD) found: Endo-cannabinoids (these are naturally produced in the body), Phyto-cannabinoids (these are found in the cannabis plant), and Synthetic Cannabinoids (the artificial process that manufactures these).
The Drug Enforcement Administration has considered Marijuana as a drug in one category for controlled substances like cocaine or heroin, which discourages research on Marijuana’s medical application.