Biomedical Engineering – What is it and what are the caree

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Biomedical Engineering (BME) is a discipline at the intersection of engineering, biology, and medicine. It is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. BME professionals work on medical devices, equipment, and software. 

They may also work on research and development projects to create new medical technologies. BME professionals may work on product development, testing, or regulatory approval of medical devices. 

Other jobs include working with biomechanical systems for rehabilitation and training, designing prosthetic limbs, modeling biological systems (e.g., organs), analyzing the performance of medical equipment, and developing new products or processes for health care products.

It is an innovative industry:

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BME is an innovative industry where engineers are constantly challenged by the rapid advancement in technology and healthcare market needs. The BME field has rapidly evolved since its origin 50 years ago as a result of more than doubling of individuals over 65 years old. Job growth for biomedical engineers is expected to be 27% from 2012–to 2022, which is faster than the average for all occupations.

Biomedical Engineers are professionals who typically have a 4-year degree with course work in math, science, biology, chemistry, physics. They also must have coursework or experience in engineering including physics and calculus. 

Before becoming licensed as a Professional Engineer (PE) they must pass the Fundamentals of Engineering exam then move on to complete 4 years of internship under the tutelage of an existing PE. A further requirement of licensure includes passing 2 exams. 

The first exam is based on Applied Science and Engineering principles while the second is focused on State/Local laws and regulations related to your specific field of engineering. 

  • All 50 states require PE licensure, however, licensing requirements vary by state.
  • Employment for a Biomedical Engineer is expected to grow 27% from 2012-2022 vs 11% growth for all occupations due to increased life expectancy and aging population among other factors.
  • The average salary of a Biomedical Engineer in the US is $93,660 as reported by the Bureau of  Labor Statistics (BLS).

Pathway to becoming Biomedical Engineer:

The step would be to complete first step towards becoming a biomedical engineer would be to get an undergraduate degree in engineering which includes coursework in math, science, biology, chemistry, and physics. The next Master’s program in Biomedical Engineering. One should also consider taking courses that include the following:

  • A career as a biomedical engineer is rewarding because one can work on medical developments, which help others. The job carries responsibility because engineers often work with patients’ safety at stake; therefore, liability may become an issue for those who fail to adhere accordingly.
  • A career as a biomedical engineer will provide experience using many different types of equipment and instruments, this offers individuals flexibility when it comes to their location of employment. The salary range for Biomedical Engineers is $30,000 – $110,000 depending on the level of education completed and seniority within the field.
  • A career as a biomedical engineer will provide opportunities for individuals with interests in math, science, and medicine. Also, those who enjoy puzzles and problem solving will be challenged by the job.


The most significant challenge of this career is that few engineers are entering this specific area of engineering making it difficult to break into the business due to its prevalence and popularity among students and professionals holding engineering degrees.

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