A Complete Guide On Biomedical Science

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Biomedical science is a field of research that has grown exponentially in the past few decades. It’s now one of the most popular fields for professionals to enter with an undergraduate or graduate degree, and with good reason. 

Biomedical scientists are highly respected members of society who work to solve some of humanity’s most difficult problems with their expertise in biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and computer science. This guide will give you all the information you need about this exciting career path.

What Does A Biomedical Scientist Do?

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Biomedical scientists are experts in the field of biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and computer science. They apply this expertise to research problems that contribute to an understanding of biological mechanisms at the molecular, cellular, and tissue level. 

This knowledge is then used to develop diagnostic tools, innovative therapies, or techniques for disease prevention. For example, biomedical scientists are working on developing treatments for chronic diseases such as arthritis or nerve disorders through bioengineered materials; studying DNA damage caused by smoking; preventing cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks through a better understanding of their causes (smoking, hypertension); researching ways to create drugs which target metastatic cancer cells rather than simply killing them; creating artificial tissues; measuring protein biomarkers to detect early signs of diseases such as Alzheimer’s; and many other projects. 

Biomedical scientists can choose to focus on one particular field like genetics, pharmacology, microbiology, or cell biology or they can decide to work in a range of areas depending on their interests and the needs of the lab where they work.

Training And Work Environment

Biomedical scientists typically need a bachelor’s degree with coursework in biology and chemistry, with additional coursework in physics and math. Most entry-level biomedical scientists will have a master’s degree which is required for most research jobs or non-tenured teaching positions at universities. 

More senior biomedical researchers may pursue careers outside science such as finance, patent law, business administration, or medicine where there is more job security. Biomedical scientists work in academic or commercial settings. Academic biomedical researchers are mostly involved in basic research where they collaborate with biologists, chemists, mathematicians, computer scientists, and other types of engineers to develop new hypotheses and theories. 

Commercial biomedical scientists focus on applied research which involves applying existing knowledge to the development of diagnostic tools, innovative therapies, or techniques for disease prevention.

Biomedical science is a field that is still growing very quickly. New sub-disciplines are being developed all the time as our understanding of biology becomes ever more complex requiring better technology to analyze its components. 

These days it’s not unusual for a biologist who has expertise in one particular area like genetics, pharmacology, or cell biology to work across multiple fields. For example, a scientist who has expertise in stem cell biology may work on neurobiology or diabetes research.

Biomedical science is not restricted to someone:

Biomedical science is not just for scientists. Every time you go to the doctor’s office and have your blood taken, the results are analyzed by biomedical scientists. The same goes for every lab test done in hospital laboratories, screenings for cancer biomarkers that detect early signs of diseases like prostate cancer, or tests for infectious diseases endemic to certain areas of the world such as malaria or dengue fever. 

You’ll also find biomedical scientists working in industrial labs developing new drugs to treat infections caused by resistant bacteria (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus), mood disorders, or high blood pressure among many other things.


Biomedical science is truly an exciting field. Because this is such a new and rapidly growing discipline, you’ll find that there are so many areas to specialize in which will allow you to work on all sorts of interesting projects.

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